Wrestling 101

This is a great PDF by Bill Williams which is endorsed by USA Wrestling. It's got some great info. Check it out!

Parent's Guide to Youth Wrestling

Ten Commandments for Parents of Athletic Children
(Author Unknown)

  • Make sure your children know that win or lose, you appreciate their efforts and are not disappointed in them. Be the person in their life they can look to for constant positive enforcement.
  • Try your best to be completely honest about your child's athletic capability, competitive attitude, sportsmanship, and actual skill level.
  • Help your child set realistic goals.
  • Teach them to enjoy the thrill of competition just for the pleasure of being out there trying. Help them develop the feel for competing, for trying hard, and for having fun.
  • Try not to relive your athletic life through your child.
  • At games and events, be a cheerleader for your child and the other children on the team. Control your own emotions. Don't yell at players, coaches, or officials.
  • Don't compare the skill, courage, or attitudes of your child with other members of the team.
  • Respect your child's coaches. Communicate openly with them. If you disagree with their approach or philosophy, discuss it with them privately.
  • Always remember that children tend to exaggerate both when praised and when criticized. Temper you reaction and investigate before over-reacting.
  • Explain that courage is not the absence of fear, but means doing something in spite of fear. The job of the parent of an athletic child is a tough one, and it takes a lot of effort to do it well. It is worth all the effort when you hear your child say, "My parents really helped, I was lucky in that respect."

How A Match Works - Folkstyle Wrestling

(Courtesy http://www.pantherwrestling.org/how_a_match_works.aspx#block)

What Takes Place in a Wrestling Match

Before - The wrestlers are each given leg bands of opposing colors (typically red and green). The referee is wearing wrist bands with corresponding colors. The referee awards points throughout the match by raising the corresponding hand.

First - Both wrestlers come forward from the corners of the mat, receive the instructions and shake hands.

Next - The referee blows his whistle and signals, "Wrestle."

Next - Each wrestler tries to take control of the opponent by getting behind or on top of him - a "takedown."

Point - The first points are likely to be given for a takedown. When one wrestler gets a takedown, the referee signals 2 points with the appropriate hand.

Then - The DEFENSIVE (or "down") wrestler tries to escape or reverse his position to get on top or behind. The OFFENSIVE (or "top") wrestler tries to stay on top and get a hold with which he can keep his opponents shoulders on the mat for 2 seconds - a fall or pin.

Every match has three periods. Each period is typically 1-1½ minutes long.

First Period Starts from standing or neutral position. Second Period Choice of position is decided by toss of coin. The winner may choose either up, down, neutral, or defer choice to 3rd period. Third Period Contestant with choice may choose up, down, or neutral.
Basic Bout Scoring*Takedown - 2 points When a wrestler takes control and is on top of his opponent from the neutral or standing position.
Escape - 1 point Getting out from underneath to a standing position or neutral position facing opponent.
Reversal - 2 points Getting out from underneath and gaining control over your opponent either on the mat or in a real-standing position.
Near Fall (back points) - 3 points Restraining the defensive wrestler's shoulders/scapulae to the mat for 5 continuous seconds or more under one of the following conditions: one shoulder/scapula touching and the other at an angle of 45° or less, both shoulders/scapulae held within 4" of the mat, or when the defensive wrestler is held in a high bridge or on both elbows.
Near Fall (back points) - 2 points Same as above except for a period of greater than 2 and less than 5 continuous seconds.
Stalling - Warning followed by a 1 or 2 point penalty (progressive) When one or both wrestlers fail to make an honest attempt to stay within the 10-foot circle in the center of the mat and wrestle aggressively. In neutral position this usually means that one or both wrestlers are not attempting to secure a takedown. When down on mat, the offensive wrestler may be called for stalling if he isn't making a conscientious effort to secure a fall and the defensive wrestler may be called for stalling if he fails to attempt maneuvers which ultimately may lead to an escape or reversal.
Illegal Hold, Unnecessary Roughness, Unsportsmanlike Conduct by Contestants During the Match - 1 or 2 point penalty (progressive) Locked Hands (offensive wrestler), Grasping of opponent's clothing/headgear or mat - - 1 or 2 point penalty (progressive)

* NOTE: By no means should this material be considered a complete & exhaustive set of scoring rules. It's intend is to provide parents with a basic understanding on how a wrestling bout is scored. Should parents have questions concerning scoring, moves, or potential infractions, please talk with the coaches on our team. The coaching staff will do their best to address any questions you may have.